Colour management is the umbrella term for the management and use of different colour information on different input and output devices as well as media. The objective is for a template that is captured with a given input device will be reproduced on an output device with the greatest possible colour precision. Different colour management systems that support this process exist.
See also Print Colour Management.
Image below: colour management applied / 1 image capture via scanner or digital camera / 2 image processing / 3 colour management accoding to printer and paper / 4 image printing / 5 consistent results with different papers